From Egypt of the Pharaohs to the “Museum in a Rucksack”

From Egypt of the Pharaohs to the "Museum in a Rucksack"

This is a presentation of the Egyptological collection of the Archaeological Museum in Kraków in digital form.

The assemblage is part of a large collection donated by the soldiers of the Independent Carpathian Rifle Brigade, part of the Anders Army, which fought in the Middle East during World War II, and is the only example of such collection in the world.

The creator of the collection, Jarosław Sagan – the curator of the pre-war museum at Truskawiec (now Ukraine), purchased the artefacts using his soldier’s pay from antique dealers, at bazaars or found them during fieldwork. This collection, called “Museum in a Rucksack” by Sagan’s comrades, was lost more than once in the turmoil of war. Ultimately, the Field Museum survived the war and in 1948 the whole collection found its way to Poland. The majority of it was transferred to the Archaeological Museum in Kraków. The collection is mentioned in Norman Davis’ book “Trail of Hope: The Anders Army, an Odyssey Across Three Continents”. The digitalised selection contains 52 artefacts (pottery, shabtis, amulets, oil lamps, figurines, and coins). These are chronologically diverse objects coming from various periods and areas of everyday life and constitute a valuable example of ancient Egyptian art.

The digitalised objects can be seen at the permanent exhibition “Gods of Ancient Egypt” at the Archaeological Museum in Kraków.


Figurine of Isis-Aphrodite

Stone statue of Isis-Fortuna


Terracotta stamp-seal in the shape of a scarab with a sphinx head

Beer vessel

Oil lamp with the column on lion’s legs

Amulet of Anubis

Alabastron with relief decoration

Amulet depicting the goddess Toeris

Djed-pillar amulet

Amulet in the shape of Pataikos

Water bottle

Figure of Bes in a Roman armour

Figurine of Sarapis

Figure of a seated female orant

Figurine of a temple-boy

Amulet-mould depicting the “Eye of Horus”

Amulet mould depicting Bes’ head

Amulet mould depicting a lotus flower

Terracotta stamp for votive bread

Fragment of a vessel with a faun’s face

Head of Sarapis

Head of Harpocrates


Oil lamp with the head of Bes

Oil lamp with a column

Oil lamp with bust of Sarapis

Lantern with the representation of Horus

Oil lamp with a handle in the shape of an acanthus leaf

Earthenware bowl

Coin of Augustus

Coin of Hadrian

Coin of Nero

Coin of Ptolemy IV

Coin of Trajan

Coin of Ptolemy X

Alabaster vessel

Alabaster vessel

Faience vessel

Faience vessel

Grape-shaped vessel

Female portrait bust




Offering plate

Horseshoe-shaped offering plate

Enthroned Harpocrates

Spindle-shaped unguentarium


Shabti of Anchef-En-Chons

Shabti of Anchef-En-Chons

Realized as part of the project

From Egypt of the Pharaohs to the "Museum in a Rucksack" from the DIGITAL CULTURE program