The grave of a Hunnic warrior in Jakuszowice

One of the marks indicating contacts between people living in the territories of southern Poland and the Huns in the first half of the 5th century are objects placed inside a barrow grave in Jakuszowice near Kazimierza Wielka discovered in 1911.
The young man buried in the grave was equipped with, among other things, a long, two-edged sword made of iron with the remains of a scabbard covered in gold foil decorated with pressed fish scale ornament; an amber pommel with an almandine in gold setting; gold foil ferrules of a symbolic reflex bow; a knife made of iron; gold and silver, as well as gold plated ornaments on the clothing and the elements of horse harness.

Due to the characteristic forms of the artefacts and their stylistic features it is believed that the grave they were discovered in dates back to the first thirty years of the 5th century. It is considered to be a grave of a Hunnic dignitary due to the presence of a symbolic reflex bow of sacrificial nature.

Near the “princely” grave, a settlement of the people of the Przeworsk culture, inhabited since the early pre-Roman period until the early phase of the Migration Period (from the 2nd century BC to the middle of the 5th century AD) was discovered. It is distinguished by the richness of archaeological materials, among which particularly numerous are Roman coins and other imports: buckles, glass beads, fragments of glass vessels, rings and stones for playing, fragments of terra sigillata pottery, fragments of chain mails.

 

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